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Current Sensor Optimization based on Simulated Transfer Function under Partial Discharge Pulses

Copyright © Douglas Nascimento, Shady S. Refaat, Hermes Loschi, Yuzo Iano, Euclides Chuma, Waseem El-Sayed, Amr Madi, Current Sensor Optimization based on Simulated Transfer Function under Partial Discharge Pulses, Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2021, 112825, ISSN 0924-4247.


The time measurement efficiency of the partial discharge (PD) relies on the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and gain of the high-frequency current transformer (HFCT) sensor. However, the PD's time measurement efficiency decreases with the noise coupled to the HFCT in onsite measurements. To overcome that setback, this paper proposes one pre-processing, through modelling and simulation, considering the physical effects, features of the electrical circuit and coil construction parameters of the HFCT. The main goal is to reach reasonable high SNR under the strong influence of background noises. This investigation aims to validate the hypothesis of improvement or deterioration of the HFCT signal response through a transfer function optimization. This research effort's contributions are threefold: 1. Generation of PD pulse signal and noise addition; 2. HFCT modelling, simulation, and frequency response analysis; and 3. Models performance evaluation and validation of hypothesis. In conclusion, the pre-processing approach stands out as a means to robustify and provide freedom to the electric utility, making up for an eventual need to redefine the physical and geometrical parameters of the HFCT sensor under specific background noise for maintenance tests purpose. According to a cyber-physical system framework, experiments corroborate the project's goals to contribute to the PD pattern monitoring in onsite measurements and incorporate robustness to signals with low SNRs.

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